LA Times Crossword Answers 31 Oct 14, Friday

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CROSSWORD SETTER: Doug Peterson
THEME: A Start and Finish … each of today’s themed answers is a common phrase, but with a letter A added to the start and finish of one word in that phrase:

64D. Smallish batteries, and a hint to how the answers to starred clues are formed AAS

17A. *Media member with a curly tail? PRESS AKITA (from “press kit”)
25A. *With 50-Across, travel guide that touts Oranjestad’s worst hotels and restaurants? ARUBA THE
50A. See 25-Across WRONG WAY (from “rub the wrong way”)
38A. *”Whatever you say, wise goddess!”? ALL RIGHTY, ATHENA (from “all righty, then”)
61A. *Refrigerator on the front lines? AMANA OF WAR (from “man-of-war”)

BILL BUTLER’S COMPLETION TIME: 16m 59s
ANSWERS I MISSED: 0

Today’s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies
Across

1. Common telenovela theme AMOR
“Amor” is Spanish for “love”.

A “telenovela” is a “television novel”, a form of programming that is very popular in Latin America. A telenovela is sort of like a soap opera that has an end in sight, and that runs for less than a year. I like this quote from an executive at Telemundo:
“A telenovela is all about a couple who wants to kiss and a scriptwriter who stands in their way for 150 episodes.”

5. Travel needs for many VISAS
A visa is a usually a stamp in one’s passport, an indication that one is authorized to enter a particular country. The word “visa” comes into English, via French, from the Latin expression “charta visa” meaning “paper that has been seen”, or “verified paper”.

17. *Media member with a curly tail? PRESS AKITA
The Akita breed of dog is named for its point of origin, the Akita Prefecture in Japan. When Helen Keller visited Japan in 1937, she asked for and was given an Akita breed of dog, with the name of Kamikaze-go. Sadly, the dog died within a year from distemper. The following year the Japanese government officially presented Keller with a replacement dog. Supposedly Keller’s dogs were the first members of the breed to be introduced into the US.

20. Sorceress jilted by Jason MEDEA
In Greek mythology Medea was the wife of Jason, the heroic leader of the Argonauts. Medea was a sorceress who pledged to help Jason in his search for the Golden Fleece, on condition that he take her as his wife. According to some accounts, Jason left Medea and took up with Glauce, the daughter of the king of Corinth. Medea got her own back by sending Glauce a golden coronet and a dress that were covered with poison. The poison killed Glauce, and her father the king. To further her revenge on Jason, Medea killed two of her own children that were fathered by him.

23. Seahawks’ org. NFC
National Football Conference (NFC)

The Seahawks are Seattle’s NFL franchise, having joined the league as an expansion team in 1976 along with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. The team is owned by Paul Allen, the man who founded Microsoft along with Bill Gates. The Seahawks fans are particularly enthusiastic and noisy, earning themselves the nickname “the 12th Man”. These fans twice set the Guinness World record for the loudest crowd noise at a sporting event in 2013.

25. *With 50-Across, travel guide that touts Oranjestad’s worst hotels and restaurants? ARUBA THE
(50. See 25-Across WRONG WAY)
Oranjestad is the capital city of the island of Aruba in the Caribbean. Aruba is a constituent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Oranjestad translates as “Orange Town”, and was named for the first King William of Orange-Nassau.

30. Ore. setting PST
The state of Oregon is in the Pacific Time Zone.

31. José __: frozen Mexican food brand OLE
José Olé is a brand of frozen Mexican food products that was founded in 2000.

32. Sitar selections RAGAS
Raga isn’t really a type of music, but has been described as the “tonal framework” in which Indian classical music is composed. Ravi Shankar was perhaps the most famous raga virtuoso (to us Westerners).

The sitar has been around since the Middle Ages. The sitar is a stringed instrument that is played by plucking, and is used most often in Hindustani classical music. In the West we have been exposed to the instrument largely through the performances of Ravi Shankar and some music by George Harrison of the Beatles, a onetime student of Shankar.

34. Santa __ Mountains: coastal California range CRUZ
The Santa Cruz Mountains lie to the west of the Santa Clara Valley (aka “Silicon Valley”) in Northern California. The range separates the valley from the Pacific Ocean.

38. *”Whatever you say, wise goddess!”? ALL RIGHTY, ATHENA
The Greek goddess Athena is often associated with wisdom (among other attributes). In many representations. Athena is depicted with an owl sitting on her head. It is this linkage of the owl with the goddess of wisdom that led to today’s perception of the owl as being “wise”.

42. In-land link? LA-LA
La-la land is a euphemism for a state of unconsciousness.

43. Henie on the ice SONJA
Sonja Henie was a World and Olympic Champion figure skater from Norway from the days when “amateur” sports stars were not paid. Henie made up for her lack of income from competing by developing a career in Hollywood. She was one of highest-paid film stars at the height of her movie career.

44. Grammy-winning “We Are Young” band FUN
Fun (stylized as “fun.”) is a band from New York City. Never heard of them …

45. Cybernotes IMS
Even though instant messaging (sending IMs) has been around since the 1960s, it was AOL who popularized the term “instant message” in the eighties and nineties.

54. “King Kong” studio RKO
The RKO Pictures studio was formed when RCA (RADIO Corporation of America) bought the KEITH-Albee-ORPHEUM theaters (and Joe Kennedy’s Film Booking Offices of America). The RKO acronym then comes from the words “Radio”, “Keith” and “Orpheum”.

“King Kong” really is a classic movie. It stars Fay Wray as the young woman (Ann Darrow) with whom Kong falls in love. Wray was very interested in the role as she was told that she would be playing opposite the “tallest, darkest leading man in Hollywood”. She thought it might be Clark Gable. At least that’s how the story goes …

55. Franklin’s note HUNDRED
Benjamin Franklin is featured on one side of the hundred-dollar bill (also called a “C-spot”), and Philadelphia’s Independence Hall on the other side. There is a famous “error” in the image of Independence Hall. If you look closely at the clock face at the top of the building you can see that the “four” is written in Roman numerals as “IV”. However, on the actual clock on Independence Hall, the “four” is denoted by “IIII”, which has been the convention for clock faces for centuries.

60. Qatari potentate EMIR
An emir is a prince or chieftain, most notably in the Middle East. In English, “emir” can also be written as “amir” and “ameer” (watch out for those spellings in crosswords!).

Qatar is a sovereign state in the Middle East occupying the Qatar Peninsula, itself located in the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar lies on the Persian Gulf and shares one land border, with Saudi Arabia to the south. Qatar has more oil and gas reserves per capita of population than any other country in the world. In 2010, Qatar had the fastest growing economy in the world, driven by the petrochemical industry.

61. *Refrigerator on the front lines? AMANA OF WAR
The Amana Corporation takes its name from the location of its original headquarters, in Middle Amana, Iowa.

65. In __ parentis LOCO
The Latin phrase “in loco parentis” translates as “in the place of a parent”. We use the term in the law when referring to a person or organization that takes on some of the responsibilities of a parent.

66. What a shin guard protects TIBIA
The tibia is the shin bone, the larger of the two bones right below the knee. The tibia is the strongest weight-bearing bone in the human body. “Tibia” is the Roman name for a Greek flute and it is thought that the shin bone was given the same name because flutes were often fashioned out of the shin bones of animals.

67. Legendary galley ARGO
In Greek mythology, Jason and the Argonauts sailed on the Argo in search of the Golden Fleece. The vessel was called the “Argo” in honor of the ship’s builder, a man named Argus.

70. Actor Gosling RYAN
Ryan Gosling is a Canadian actor who really seems to be riding high right now. He is one of a string of entertainers to graduate from the Mickey Mouse Club on the Disney Channel. I saw him not too long ago in the fun romantic comedy “Crazy, Stupid, Love” starring alongside Steve Carell.

Down
1. Digital clock toggle AM/PM
The 12-hour clock has been around a long time, and was even used in sundial format in Ancient Egypt. Our use of AM and PM dates back to Roman times, with AM standing for Ante Meridiem (before noon) and PM standing for Post Meridiem (after noon). However, the Romans originally used the AM concept a little differently, by counting backwards from noon. So, 2AM to the Romans would be two hours before noon, or 10AM as we would call it today.

6. India __ INK
The black ink known as “India ink” was actually developed in the China, although the carbon pigment used was imported from India, hence the name.

7. Fashion designer Anna SUI
Anna Sui is a fashion designer from Detroit, Michigan.

11. Threat to a WWII destroyer U-BOAT
U-boat stands for the German “Unterseeboot” (undersea boat). Notably, a U-boat sank the RMS Lusitania in 1915, an event that helped propel the US into WWI.

18. Trip to see the big game? SAFARI
“Safari” is a Swahili word, meaning “journey” or “expedition”.

22. Birth announcement abbr. LBS
The unit of mass that we know today as a “pound” is descended from the old Roman unit of weight known as a “libra”. That “libra” connection is why we abbreviate pound to “lb”. The name “pound” though comes from the Latin “pondo” meaning “weight”.

25. Subject for da Vinci ANATOMY
Leonardo da Vinci was perhaps the most diversely talented person who ever contributed to society. He was a gifted painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer and writer. Da Vinci’s mural “The Last Supper” is the most reproduced work of art in the world.

27. Earthenware pot OLLA
An olla is a traditional clay pot used for the making of stews. “Olla” was the Latin word used in Ancient Rome to describe a similar type of pot.

33. Holiday song closer SYNE
The song “Auld Lang Syne” is a staple at New Year’s Eve, the words of which were written by Scottish poet Robbie Burns. The literal translation of “Auld Lang Syne” is “old long since”, but is better translated as “old times”. The sentiment of the song is “for old time’s sake”.

35. S&L offering for homeowners REFI
Savings and Loan (S&L)

36. Word on the Great Seal of the United States UNUM
From 1776, “E pluribus unum” was the unofficial motto of the United States. “E pluribus unum” is Latin for “Out of many, one”. It was pushed aside in 1956 when an Act of Congress designated “In God We Trust” as the country’s official motto.

The Great Seal of the United States is a device used to authenticate some US federal documents. The obverse (front) of the Great Seal is used as the coat of arms of the US, a design that can seen on all American passports.

37. Novelist Grey ZANE
Zane Grey certainly did hit on the right niche. He wrote romanticized western novels and stories that really lent themselves to the big screen in the days when westerns were very popular movies. Incredibly, 110 films were made based on his work.

39. Shower harbinger RAINDROP
A harbinger is a person or a thing that indicates what is to come. The word comes from the Middle English “herbenger”, a person sent ahead to arrange lodgings.

40. Cracked open AJAR
Our word “ajar” is thought to come from Scottish dialect, in which “a char” means “slightly open”.

50. Young wolf WHELP
A whelp is a young dog, and also a young wolf, bear, lion, tiger and seal. The term has largely been replaced by “pup” or “puppy”.

59. Suffix with Jumbo -TRON
A JumboTron is a big-screen television system from Sony, often seen in sports stadiums. The brand name “JumboTron” is used pretty generically now for any big-screen system in such venues, even though Sony exited the business in 2001.

62. Mount Rushmore figure, familiarly ABE
The four presidents whose faces are carved in the granite face of Mount Rushmore are (from left to right) George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. Each of the presidents is about 60 feet in height, although they might have been larger. The original intent was for the presidents to be depicted from head to waist, but the project lost funding.

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For the sake of completion, here is a full listing of all the answers:
Across
1. Common telenovela theme AMOR
5. Travel needs for many VISAS
10. Lose, in a Vegas game BUST
14. Amplify, in a way MIKE
15. Not available IN USE
16. Fit ABLE
17. *Media member with a curly tail? PRESS AKITA
19. Word with barn or storm DOOR
20. Sorceress jilted by Jason MEDEA
21. “Not interested” I’LL PASS
23. Seahawks’ org. NFC
25. *With 50-Across, travel guide that touts Oranjestad’s worst hotels and restaurants? ARUBA THE
26. “Time to split!” GOTTA RUN!
30. Ore. setting PST
31. José __: frozen Mexican food brand OLE
32. Sitar selections RAGAS
34. Santa __ Mountains: coastal California range CRUZ
38. *”Whatever you say, wise goddess!”? ALL RIGHTY, ATHENA
42. In-land link? LA-LA
43. Henie on the ice SONJA
44. Grammy-winning “We Are Young” band FUN
45. Cybernotes IMS
48. Six, for many MEALTIME
50. See 25-Across WRONG WAY
54. “King Kong” studio RKO
55. Franklin’s note HUNDRED
56. “Cheers,” e.g. TOAST
60. Qatari potentate EMIR
61. *Refrigerator on the front lines? AMANA OF WAR
65. In __ parentis LOCO
66. What a shin guard protects TIBIA
67. Legendary galley ARGO
68. __ school PREP
69. How-to units STEPS
70. Actor Gosling RYAN

Down
1. Digital clock toggle AM/PM
2. Squishy area MIRE
3. Didn’t deny OKED
4. Feel offended by RESENT
5. Itinerary word VIA
6. India __ INK
7. Fashion designer Anna SUI
8. Buzzing with activity ASTIR
9. Close securely SEAL UP
10. Run of lousy luck BAD PATCH
11. Threat to a WWII destroyer U-BOAT
12. Splash clumsily SLOSH
13. Clipped TERSE
18. Trip to see the big game? SAFARI
22. Birth announcement abbr. LBS
24. Climbing challenge CRAG
25. Subject for da Vinci ANATOMY
26. One may go into an empty net GOAL
27. Earthenware pot OLLA
28. Bluff betrayer TELL
29. Words of disgust UGHS
33. Holiday song closer SYNE
35. S&L offering for homeowners REFI
36. Word on the Great Seal of the United States UNUM
37. Novelist Grey ZANE
39. Shower harbinger RAINDROP
40. Cracked open AJAR
41. Have words with TALK TO
46. Dept. head MGR
47. Workout garb SWEATS
49. Beyond reasonable limits TOO FAR
50. Young wolf WHELP
51. One may be going around RUMOR
52. Ready if required ON ICE
53. Not turn away ADMIT
57. Not right AWRY
58. Multigenerational tale SAGA
59. Suffix with Jumbo -TRON
62. Mount Rushmore figure, familiarly ABE
63. Tang NIP
64. Smallish batteries, and a hint to how the answers to starred clues are formed AAS

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LA Times Crossword Answers 30 Oct 14, Thursday

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CROSSWORD SETTER: Jerry Edelstein
THEME: Capital Letters … each of today’s themed answers ends with an anagram of a capital city i.e. a word made from CAPITAL LETTERS:

35A. With 37-Across, sentence openings, and what the ends of 16-, 23-, 47-, and 57-Across can be when rearranged CAPITAL
37A. See 35-Across LETTERS

16A. Postal service EXPRESS MAIL (giving “Lima”)
23A. Brigades, e.g. ARMY UNITS (giving “Tunis”)
47A. “You made your point” SAY NO MORE (giving “Rome”)
57A. Form small teams at school WORK IN PAIRS (giving “Paris”)

BILL BUTLER’S COMPLETION TIME: 12m 54s
ANSWERS I MISSED: 0

Today’s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies
Across

5. Broadway show whose title woman can “coax the blues right out of the horn” MAME
The musical “Mame” opened on Broadway in 1966, with Angela Lansbury in the title role. The musical is based on the 1955 novel “Auntie Mame” written by Patrick Dennis.

9. Renege, with “out” COP
To renege on something is to back out of it. It’s a word commonly used in card games like bridge and whist. A renege is when a player doesn’t follow suit, even though there may be a card of the suit led in his/her hand.

12. Andalusian appetizer TAPA
“Tapa” is the Spanish word for “lid”, and there is no clear rationale for why this word came to be used for an appetizer. There are lots of explanations cited, all of which seem to involve the temporary covering of one’s glass of wine with a plate or item of food to either preserve the wine or give one extra space at the table.

Andalusia (Andalucia in Spanish) is one of the seventeen autonomous communities in the Kingdom of Spain, and is the most southerly. The capital of Andalusia is the old city of Seville. The name Andalusia comes from its Arabic name, Al-Andalus, reflecting the region’s history as the center of Muslim power in Iberia during medieval times.

13. Accord competitor ALTIMA
Nissan has been making the Altima since 1993. In 2007 the company started to produce a hybrid version, Nissan’s first foray into the hybrid market and a successful one by all accounts. Altima hybrids are even used as police cruisers by the New York Police Department.

Honda started manufacturing its Accord model in Marysville, Ohio in 1982, making the Accord the first Japanese car to be produced in the US. The Accord was the best-selling Japanese car in America from 1982 to 1997, and 1989 was the first import to become the best-selling car in the US.

16. Postal service EXPRESS MAIL (giving “Lima”)
Lima is the capital city of Peru. Lima was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, who named it “la Ciudad de los Reyes” (the City of Kings). He chose this name because the decision to found the city was made on January 6th, the feast of the Epiphany that commemorates the visit of the three kings to Jesus in Bethlehem.

18. __-pitch SLO
Slo-pitch, or slow-pitch, is a type of softball.

19. Kanakaredes of “CSI: NY” MELINA
Stella Bonasera is a character on the TV show “CSI: NY”, portrayed by Melina Kanakaredes. Kanakaredes was not able to renew her contract for the final seasons of the show, so she was replaced by Sela Ward who played a new lead character called Jo Danville. Sela Ward really added to the quality of the show, in my humble opinion.

23. Brigades, e.g. ARMY UNITS (giving “Tunis”)
In an army, a brigade is made up of three to six battalions. Three or more brigades go to make up a division.

Tunisia is the most northerly country in Africa. The country takes its name from the capital city of Tunis.

25. The tar, in Spanish LA BREA
The La Brea Tar Pits are located right in the heart of the city of Los Angeles. At the site there is a constant flow of tar that seeps up to the surface from underground, a phenomenon that has been around for tens of thousands of years. What is significant is that much of the seeping tar is covered by water. Over many, many centuries animals came to the water to drink and became trapped in the tar as they entered the water to quench their thirsts. The tar then preserved the bones of the dead animals. Today a museum is located right by the Tar Pits, recovering bones and displaying specimens of the animals found there. It’s well worth a visit if you are in town …

27. Anonymous John DOE
Although the English court system does not use the term today, John Doe first appeared as the “name of a person unknown” in England in 1659, along with another unknown, Richard Roe. The female equivalent of John Doe is Jane Doe, with the equivalent to Richard Roe being Jane Roe (as in Roe v. Wade, for example).

28. “The Black Cat” author POE
“The Black Cat” is a short story written by Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1843. It is a dark tale about a man who murders his wife and is taunted by the couple’s black cat.

31. __ moss PEAT
When dead plant matter accumulates in marshy areas, it may not fully decay due to a lack of oxygen or acidic conditions. We are familiar with this in Ireland, because this decaying matter can form peat, and we have lots and lots of peat bogs.

32. Mountains dividing Europe and Asia URAL
The eastern side of the Ural Mountains in Russia is generally regarded as the natural divide between the continents of Europe and Asia.

40. Hop follower SKIP
The track and field sport sometimes called the “hop, skip and jump” is more correctly termed the triple jump. The triple jump dates back as an event to the ancient Olympic Games. When the modern Olympics were introduced in 1896, the triple jump consisted of two hops on the same foot followed by a jump. Today’s triple jump consists of a hop, a bound and then a jump.

42. NASCAR __ DAD
“NASCAR dad” is one of those phrases that is used to broadly describe a perceived demographic, the “typical” person who enjoys watching NASCAR. It is often used to describe a block of voters, and is akin to “soccer mom”.

47. “You made your point” SAY NO MORE (giving “Rome”)
According to tradition, Rome was founded by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus. The pair had a heated argument about who should be allowed to name the city and Romulus hit Remus with a shovel, killing him. And so, “Rome” was born!

50. “… if you want to __ man’s character, give him power”: Lincoln TEST A
Abraham Lincoln stated, “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.”

55. Eats pretzels, say NOSHES
Our word “nosh” has been around since the late fifties, when it was imported from the Yiddish word “nashn” meaning “to nibble”.

Pretzels originated in Europe and are especially popular in Southern Germany where a pretzel is known as “Brezel”. Pretzels were introduced into the US in the 1800s by immigrants from Germany and Switzerland who came to be known over here as the Pennsylvania Dutch.

56. Google hit URL
(54A. Part of 56-Across LOCATOR)
Internet addresses (like NYTCrossword.com and LAXCrossword.com ) are more correctly called Uniform Resource Locators (URLs).

57. Form small teams at school WORK IN PAIRS (giving “Paris”)
The French capital of Paris is named for the Parisii, a Celtic Iron Age people that lived in the area on the banks of the River Seine.

60. What “I” may indicate RTE
I think that “I” here stands for “interstate”, and an interstate is a route (rte.).

63. June honorees PAS
Father’s Day was added as an official holiday in 1972, although bills to create the holiday had been with Congress since 1913. By rights, the holiday should be called “Fathers’ Day” (note the punctuation), but the Bill that was introduced in 1913 used the “Father’s Day” spelling, and that’s the one that has stuck.

65. Breyers competitor EDY’S
Dreyers’ ice cream sells its products under the name Dreyers in the Western United States, and Edy’s in the Eastern states. The company’s founders were William Dryer and Joseph Edy.

Breyers ice cream was introduced by William A. Breyer in 1866, in Philadelphia. Always known for using all-natural ingredients, Breyers products made in recent years contain more and more food additives in an attempt to cut costs in a competitive market. In fact, most Breyers products can’t even be labeled “ice cream” anymore as they don’t contain enough milk and cream and so are labeled “frozen dairy dessert” instead.

Down
2. Like Madame Tussauds figures WAXEN
Marie Tussaud was a wax sculptor from France. Some of her early work was very gruesome as she lived through the French Revolution. She would take the decapitated heads of executed citizens and use them to make death masks which were then paraded through the streets. She eventually moved to London, taking with her a vast collection of wax models made by her and her father. She opened a museum to display the works, and the Madame Tussauds wax museum is a major attraction in the city to this day.

4. “Manhattan” Oscar nominee Hemingway MARIEL
The actress Mariel Hemingway is a granddaughter of the famed author Ernest Hemingway. She was given the name “Mariel” because her father and grandfather used to fish together from the Cuban village of Mariel.

5. Galaxy gp. MLS
The LA Galaxy is one of the ten charter clubs of Major League Soccer (MLS). The team is known for signing some high-profile players from more established leagues. England star David Beckham played for the Galaxy from 2007 to 2012, and Ireland’s captain Robbie Keane is currently the Galaxy’s captain.

7. Harmful gas MIASMA
The word miasma was first used for the poisonous atmosphere thought to arise from swamps and rotting matter, and which could cause disease. Nowadays, a miasma is just a thick cloud of gas or smoke.

8. One of the Brontës EMILY
The Brontë family lived in the lovely village of Haworth in Yorkshire, England. The three daughters all became recognised authors. The first to achieve success was Charlotte Brontë when she published “Jane Eyre”. Then came Emily with “Wuthering Heights” and Anne with “The Tenant of Wildfell Hall”.

9. Dishonorably dismissed CASHIERED
The verb “to cashier” and the noun “cashier” have two different roots. “To cashier” is to dismiss someone from the military in disgrace, coming from the French “casser” meaning “to discharge”. A “cashier” is someone who is in charge of money or cash. This term derives from the French “caisse” meaning “money box”.

13. Fit __ fiddle AS A
Someone who is “as fit as a fiddle” is very fit, very well. When the idiom was coined around 1600, the phrase meant “suitable for purpose” as “fit” was more often used in that sense.

17. Mesmerized ENRAPT
Franz Mesmer was a German physician, the person who coined the phrase “animal magnetism”. Back then the term described a purported magnetic field that resided in the bodies of animate beings. Mesmer also lent his name to our term “mesmerize”.

21. Porcine sniffer SNOUT
“Porcine” means “of a pig”, coming into English via French from the Latin “porcus” meaning “pig”.

23. Kazakhstan border sea ARAL
The Aral Sea is a great example of how man can have a devastating effect on his environment. In the early sixties the Aral Sea covered 68,000 square miles of Central Asia. Soviet Union irrigation projects drained the lake to such an extent that today the total area is less than 7,000 square miles, with 90% of the lake now completely dry. Sad …

The Republic of Kazakhstan in Central Asia is the world’s largest landlocked country. Kazakhstan was the last of the former Soviet Republics to declare itself independent from Russia.

24. Collecting Soc. Sec. RET
The Social Security Administration (SSA) was set up as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. The first person to receive a monthly retirement benefit was Ida May Fuller of Vermont who received her first check for the sum of $22.54 after having contributed for three years through payroll taxes. The New Deal turned out to be a good deal for Ms. Fuller, as she lived to 100 years of age and received a total benefit of almost $23,000, whereas her three years of contributions added up to just $24.75.

26. Arthur who won a Tony for 5-Across BEA
(5A. Broadway show whose title woman can “coax the blues right out of the horn” MAME)
Actress Bea Arthur’s most famous roles were on television, as the lead in the “All in the Family” spin-off “Maude” and as Dorothy Zbornak in “The Golden Girls”. Arthur also won a Tony for playing Vera Charles on stage in the original cast of “Mame” in 1966, two years after she played Yente the matchmaker in the original cast of “Fiddler on the Roof”.

28. IBM 5150s, e.g. PCS
The original IBM Personal Computer is model number 5150, which was introduced to the world on August 12, 1981. The term “personal computer” was already in use, but the success of the IBM 5150 led to the term “PC” being used for all computer products compatible with the IBM platform.

30. Inner circles, in astronomy models EPICYCLES
In older astronomy models, planets, moons and the sun were assumed to move in two paths concurrently. Firstly, each celestial body revolved around its own central point in an orbital motion known as an epicycle. These bodies, all revolved around different points in the heavens, but the points around which each revolved all themselves revolved around one central point in the universe. This larger orbit was known as deferent motion. I could have explained that better …

33. Coach Parseghian ARA
Ara Parseghian coached the Notre Dame football team from 1964 to 1974, a period known as “The Era of Ara”.

34. ’60s hallucinogen LSD
LSD (colloquially known as “acid”) is short for lysergic acid diethylamide. A Swiss chemist called Albert Hofmann first synthesized LSD in 1938 in a research project looking for medically efficacious ergot alkaloids. It wasn’t until some five years later when Hofmann ingested some of the drug accidentally that its psychedelic properties were discovered. Trippy, man …

36. Old Bristol-Myers toothpaste IPANA
Ipana toothpaste was introduced in 1915 and was at the height of its popularity in the forties and fifties. Sales declined in the sixties and the product was withdrawn from the US market in the seventies. Bucky the Beaver was the “spokesman” for Ipana. Bucky the Beaver’s slogan was “Brusha… Brusha… Brusha. Get the New Ipana – it’s dandy for your teeth!”

38. College email ending EDU
The .edu domain was one of the six original generic top-level domains specified. The complete original list is:

– .com (commercial enterprise)
– .net (entity involved in network infrastructure e.g. an ISP)
– .mil (US military)
– .org (not-for-profit organization)
– .gov (US federal government entity)
– .edu (college-level educational institution)

41. Former space station MIR
The Russian Mir Space Station was a remarkably successful project, with the station still holding the record for the longest continuous manned presence in space, at just under ten years. Towards the end of the space station’s life however, the years began to take their toll. There was a dangerous fire, multiple system failures, and a collision with a resupply ship. The Russian commitment to the International Space Station drained funds for repairs, so Mir was allowed to reenter the Earth’s atmosphere and burn up in 2001.

45. Reddish-brown horse SORREL
The sorrel color of horse is a copper-red, although the term is often used these days to describe any horse with chestnut coloring.

46. Bagel choice SESAME
The bagel was invented in the Polish city of Kraków in the 16th century. Bagels were brought to this country by Jewish immigrants from Poland who mainly established homes in and around New York City.

48. Main artery AORTA
The aorta originates in the heart and extends down into the abdomen. It is the largest artery in the body.

49. Mars pair MOONS
Mars has two moons, the larger of which is Phobos and the smaller is Deimos. “Phobos” is the Greek word for “fear”, and “Deimos” is Greek for “dread”.

52. NFL analyst Bradshaw TERRY
Terry Bradshaw is a former Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback who has been co-hosting the TV show “NFL Sunday” since 1994. Bradshaw has also done a lot of acting, albei small parts. As a result, he is the only former NFL player to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

58. Place to see RVs KOA
Kampgrounds of America (KOA) was founded in 1962 by Montana businessman Dave Drum, who opened up his first property along the Yellowstone River. His strategy was to offer a rich package of services including hot showers, restrooms and a store, which he hoped would attract people used to camping in the rough. The original campground was an immediate hit and Drum took on two partners and sold franchises all over the country. There are about 500 KOA sites today.

Recreational vehicle (RV)

59. NFL mistake INT
Interception (Int.)

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For the sake of completion, here is a full listing of all the answers:
Across
1. Crawled, perhaps SWAM
5. Broadway show whose title woman can “coax the blues right out of the horn” MAME
9. Renege, with “out” COP
12. Andalusian appetizer TAPA
13. Accord competitor ALTIMA
15. Hole starter AWL
16. Postal service EXPRESS MAIL (giving “Lima”)
18. __-pitch SLO
19. Kanakaredes of “CSI: NY” MELINA
20. Plastered SLOSHED
22. Curled-lip look SNEER
23. Brigades, e.g. ARMY UNITS (giving “Tunis”)
25. The tar, in Spanish LA BREA
27. Anonymous John DOE
28. “The Black Cat” author POE
31. __ moss PEAT
32. Mountains dividing Europe and Asia URAL
35. With 37-Across, sentence openings, and what the ends of 16-, 23-, 47-, and 57-Across can be when rearranged CAPITAL
37. See 35-Across LETTERS
40. Hop follower SKIP
41. Modest dress MIDI
42. NASCAR __ DAD
43. Lion or tiger CAT
45. Exercises begun in a supine position SIT-UPS
47. “You made your point” SAY NO MORE (giving “Rome”)
50. “… if you want to __ man’s character, give him power”: Lincoln TEST A
54. Part of 56-Across LOCATOR
55. Eats pretzels, say NOSHES
56. Google hit URL
57. Form small teams at school WORK IN PAIRS (giving “Paris”)
60. What “I” may indicate RTE
61. Common soccer score ONE-ONE
62. Only MERE
63. June honorees PAS
64. Blind component SLAT
65. Breyers competitor EDY’S

Down
1. Restrains STEMS
2. Like Madame Tussauds figures WAXEN
3. Traditional temptation APPLE
4. “Manhattan” Oscar nominee Hemingway MARIEL
5. Galaxy gp. MLS
6. Source of 20s, briefly ATM
7. Harmful gas MIASMA
8. One of the Brontës EMILY
9. Dishonorably dismissed CASHIERED
10. Bird that’s probably not wise and certainly not old OWLET
11. Trudges PLODS
13. Fit __ fiddle AS A
14. One way to think ALOUD
17. Mesmerized ENRAPT
21. Porcine sniffer SNOUT
23. Kazakhstan border sea ARAL
24. Collecting Soc. Sec. RET
26. Arthur who won a Tony for 5-Across BEA
28. IBM 5150s, e.g. PCS
29. Furniture wood OAK
30. Inner circles, in astronomy models EPICYCLES
33. Coach Parseghian ARA
34. ’60s hallucinogen LSD
36. Old Bristol-Myers toothpaste IPANA
37. Beer choice LITE
38. College email ending EDU
39. Extreme summit TIPTOP
41. Former space station MIR
44. “Solve __ decimal places” TO TWO
45. Reddish-brown horse SORREL
46. Bagel choice SESAME
47. Eat loudly SLURP
48. Main artery AORTA
49. Mars pair MOONS
51. Drew back SHIED
52. NFL analyst Bradshaw TERRY
53. Beasts of burden ASSES
55. St. Louis-to-Chicago dir. NNE
58. Place to see RVs KOA
59. NFL mistake INT

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