LA Times Crossword Answers 19 Jun 17, Monday










Constructed by: Mark Feldman

Edited by: Rich Norris

Quicklink to a complete list of today’s clues and answers

Quicklink to comments

Theme: … To a Food Critic

Each of today’s themed answers are familiar expressions that refer to a food item, and are clued with the words “… to a food critic”.

  • 17A. Shrewd person, to a food critic? : SHARP COOKIE
  • 29A. Important person, to a food critic? : BIG CHEESE
  • 47A. Despicable person, to a food critic? : ROTTEN EGG
  • 66A. Lazy person, to a food critic? : COUCH POTATO

Bill’s time: 5m 51s

Bill’s errors: 0




Today’s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies

Across

1. Brawl : MELEE

Our word “melee” comes from the French “mêlée”, and in both languages the word means “confused fight”.

11. L.A. Galaxy’s org. : MLS

The LA Galaxy is one of the ten charter clubs of Major League Soccer (MLS). The team is known for signing some high-profile players from more established leagues. England star and celebrity David Beckham played for the Galaxy from 2007 to 2012.

15. Asinine : INANE

Our word “inane” meaning silly or lacking substance comes from the Latin “inanitis” meaning “empty space”.

The adjective “asinine” means “stupid, obstinate”, and comes from the Latin for “like an ass”.

19. African antelope : GNU

A gnu is also known as a wildebeest, and is an antelope native to Africa. Wildebeest is actually the Dutch word for “wild beast”.

21. Like skunks and zebras : STRIPED

Skunks have anal scent glands that can be used as defensive weapons. The glands produce sulfur-containing chemicals that have a really awful smell and that can irritate the eyes and skin.

The name “zebra” comes from an old Portuguese word “zevra” meaning “wild ass”. Studies of zebra embryos show that zebras are basically black in color, with white stripes that develop with growth. Before this finding, it was believed they were white, with black stripes.

26. James Bond’s school : ETON

The world-famous Eton College is just a brisk walk from Windsor Castle, which itself is just outside London. Eton is noted for producing many British leaders including David Cameron who took power in the last UK general election. The list of Old Etonians also includes Princes William and Harry, the Duke of Wellington, George Orwell, and the creator of James Bond, Ian Fleming (as well as 007 himself as described in the Fleming novels).

29. Important person, to a food critic? : BIG CHEESE

The phrase “the big cheese” doesn’t have its roots in the word “cheese” at all. The original phrase was “the real cheese” meaning “the real thing”, used way back in late 1800s (long before Coke picked it up). “Chiz” is a Persian and Hindi word meaning “thing”, and it’s not hard to see how the expression “the real chiz” would morph into “the real cheese”. Then in early-20th century America, instead of a “real cheese”, the most influential person in a group was labeled as “the big cheese”. And I think that is about the only use of the word “cheese” that is in anyway complimentary!

39. Avian symbol of pride : PEACOCK

The male peafowl is known as a peacock, and the female a peahen. The peafowl’s young are sometimes called peachicks.

52. Math average : MEAN

In a set of numbers, the mean is the average value of those numbers. The median is the numeric value at which half the numbers have a lower value, and half the numbers a higher value. The mode is the value that appears most often in the whole set of numbers.

53. Fencing sword : EPEE

The French word for sword is “épée”. In competitive fencing the épée is connected to a system that records an electrical signal when legal contact is made on an opponent’s body.

54. Witch trial town : SALEM

The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings held in 1692 and 1693 in colonial Massachusetts, most famously in Salem. As a result of mass hysteria, twenty people were convicted of practicing witchcraft and were executed. The events were deemed to be a terrible injustice almost immediately. As early as 1696, there was a legal ruling by the Massachusetts General Court that referred to the outcome of the trials as a tragedy. In 2001, the massachusetts legislature officially exonerated all of those convicted.

57. Impressive banquet displays : SPREADS

A banquet is an elaborate feast. “Banquet” is a term that seems to have reversed in meaning over time. Coming into English via French from Old Italian, “banquet” is derived from “banco” meaning “bench”. The original “banco” meal was simply a snack eaten on a bench, rather than at a table. I guess we eat more these days …

68. CIA forerunner : OSS

The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was formed during WWII in order to carry out espionage behind enemy lines. A few years after the end of the war the OSS functions were taken up by a new group, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that was chartered by the National Security Act of 1947.

69. Vaudeville show : REVUE

“Revue” is the French word for “review”.

The Vire is a river that flows through Normandy in France. The poets of the Vire valley were known as the “Vau de Vire”, a term that some say gave rise to our word “Vaudeville”.

70. “He loves me” piece : PETAL

“He loves me, he loves me not” …

71. Tetley product : TEA

Tetley was founded by Joseph Tetley in Yorkshire in 1837. Joseph and his brother used to sell salt door-to-door from a pack horse and started to distribute tea the same way. They became so successful selling tea that they relocated to London. Notably, Tetley’s was the first company to introduce tea bags in the UK, back in 1953.

72. Class-ending pair? : ESSES

There are two letters S (ess) ending the word “class”.

Down

1. Uncategorized stuff: Abbr. : MISC

Out terms “miscellany” and “miscellaneous” ultimately come from the Latin verb “miscere” meaning “to mix”.

12. White sale goods : LINENS

The first white sale took place in January of 1878 in a Philadelphia department store. It was called a white sale because it was only bed linens (which were all white) that were discounted. Over time, white sales have evolved to include almost any household items.

22. President married to Mamie : IKE

When the future president was growing up, the Eisenhower family used the nickname “Ike” for all seven boys in the family, as “Ike” was seen as an abbreviation for the family name. “Big Ike” was Edgar, the second oldest boy. “Little/Young Ike” was Dwight, who was the third son born. Dwight had no sisters.

Mamie Eisenhower has to have been one of the most charming of all the First Ladies of the United States. Ms. Eisenhower suffered from an inner ear complaint called Ménière’s disease which caused her to lose her balance quite often. Because she was unsteady on her feet there were unfounded rumors floating around Washington that Ms. Eisenhower had a drinking problem. People can be very unkind …

26. Out-of-this-world beings, in brief : ETS

Extraterrestrial (ET)

31. Rep on the street : CRED

“Street cred” is slang for “street credibility”, of which I have none …

32. When repeated, “Great speech!” : HEAR

The phrase “hear! hear!” is an expression of support that is perhaps more commonly used in the UK than on this side of the Atlantic. The phrase evolved from “Hear him! Hear him!”, which was the original utterance used in the UK parliament in the 17th century.

34. Weapon in Clue : ROPE

Clue is board game that we knew under a different name growing up in Ireland. Outside of North America, Clue is marketed as Cluedo. Cluedo was the original name of the game, introduced in 1949 by the famous British board game manufacturer Waddingtons. There are cute differences between the US and UK versions. For example, the man who is murdered is called Dr. Black (Mr. Boddy in the US), one of the suspects is the Reverend Green (Mr. Green in the US), and the suspect weapons include a dagger (a knife in the US), a lead pipe (lead piping in the US) and a spanner (a wrench in the US). I think it’s a fabulous game, a must during the holidays …

40. Traveler to work : COMMUTER

Our verb “to commute”, meaning “to go back and forth to work”, ultimately derives from the Latin “commutare”, meaning “to often change”. Back in the late 1800s, a “commutation ticket” was a season pass, so named because it allowed one to “change” one kind of payment into another. Quite interesting …

42. Civil War org. : CSA

The Confederate States of America (CSA) set up government in 1861 just before Abraham Lincoln took office. Jefferson Davis was selected as President of the CSA at its formation, and retained the post for the life of the government.

43. Boy doll : KEN

Barbie’s male counterpart doll is Ken, and Ken’s family name is Carson. Barbie’s full name is Barbie Millicent Roberts. When Ken was introduced in 1959, it was as Barbie’s boyfriend. In 2004 it was announced that Ken and Barbie were splitting up, and needed to spend quality time apart. Soon after the split, Barbie “met” Blaine, a boogie boarder from Australia.

45. Classic British sports cars : MGS

My neighbor used to keep his MG Midget roadster in my garage (away from his kids!) back in Ireland many moons ago. The Midget was produced by the MG division of the British Motor Corporation from 1961 to 1979, with the MG abbreviation standing for “Morris Garages”.

49. Revered Mother : TERESA

Mother Teresa was born in 1910 in the city that is now called Skopje, the capital of Macedonia. At birth she was given the names Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (“Gonxha” means “little flower” in Albanian). She left home at the age of 18 and joined the Sisters of Loreto, and headed to Loreto Abbey in Rathfarnham in Dublin, Ireland in order to learn English. Her goal was to teach in India, and English was the language used there for instruction by the nuns. After Mother Teresa passed away in 1997 she was beatified by Pope John Paul II, a step on the road to canonization. In order for her to be beatified there had to be documented evidence of a miracle that was performed due to her intercession. The miracle in question was the healing of a tumor in the abdomen of a woman due to the application of a locket containing a picture of Mother Teresa. Documentation of a second miracle is required for her to be declared a saint. The canonization process seems to well underway, with Pope Francis recognizing a second miracle in December 2015.

58. Land parcel : ACRE

At one time, an acre was defined as the amount of land a yoke of oxen could plow in a day. This was more precisely defined as a strip of land “one furrow long” (i.e. one furlong) and one furlong wide. The length of one furlong was equal to 10 chains, or 40 rods. A area of one furlong times 10 rods was one rood.

60. Santa Fe and Tucson, in the auto world : SUVS

“SUV” is an initialism standing for sports utility vehicle, and is a term that was introduced by our marketing friends. Using the phrase “sports utility vehicle” was a very clever way to get us to pay a lot of money for what was essentially a station wagon on a truck chassis, or at least it was back then.

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Complete List of Clues and Answers

Across

1. Brawl : MELEE

6. See 27-Down : … BOOKS

11. L.A. Galaxy’s org. : MLS

14. Alpine climber’s need : ICE AX

15. Asinine : INANE

16. Goal : AIM

17. Shrewd person, to a food critic? : SHARP COOKIE

19. African antelope : GNU

20. Hide : CONCEAL

21. Like skunks and zebras : STRIPED

23. Hitching post? : ALTAR

25. 44-Across VIP : KING

26. James Bond’s school : ETON

29. Important person, to a food critic? : BIG CHEESE

33. Prevent, as a robbery : THWART

36. Female neigh sayer : MARE

37. Betray : SELL OUT

39. Avian symbol of pride : PEACOCK

44. High school dance : PROM

46. Doze off : DROWSE

47. Despicable person, to a food critic? : ROTTEN EGG

52. Math average : MEAN

53. Fencing sword : EPEE

54. Witch trial town : SALEM

57. Impressive banquet displays : SPREADS

61. Acknowledged a military superior : SALUTED

65. Weeding tool : HOE

66. Lazy person, to a food critic? : COUCH POTATO

68. CIA forerunner : OSS

69. Vaudeville show : REVUE

70. “He loves me” piece : PETAL

71. Tetley product : TEA

72. Class-ending pair? : ESSES

73. Rub off the page : ERASE

Down

1. Uncategorized stuff: Abbr. : MISC

2. Repeat : ECHO

3. With the fat trimmed off : LEAN

4. Auditory passage : EAR CANAL

5. Kick out : EXPEL

6. Where DNA tests are performed : BIO LAB

7. Singer Yoko : ONO

8. Acorn sources : OAKS

9. Make using yarn : KNIT

10. Reader of tea leaves : SEER

11. Member of the crow family : MAGPIE

12. White sale goods : LINENS

13. Blotch : SMUDGE

18. “Cool” hipster : CAT

22. President married to Mamie : IKE

24. Outer edge : RIM

26. Out-of-this-world beings, in brief : ETS

27. With 6-Across, records that might be “cooked” : THE …

28. Wise bird : OWL

30. Space : GAP

31. Rep on the street : CRED

32. When repeated, “Great speech!” : HEAR

34. Weapon in Clue : ROPE

35. Spoil : TURN

38. Water-testing digit : TOE

40. Traveler to work : COMMUTER

41. Must pay : OWE

42. Civil War org. : CSA

43. Boy doll : KEN

45. Classic British sports cars : MGS

47. Did over, as a movie scene : RESHOT

48. Be against : OPPOSE

49. Revered Mother : TERESA

50. Casual top : TEE

51. Deep cuts : GASHES

55. Once around, in a race : LAP

56. Secretly tie the knot : ELOPE

58. Land parcel : ACRE

59. “Easy __ it!” : DOES

60. Santa Fe and Tucson, in the auto world : SUVS

62. “Cheerio!” : TA-TA!

63. Greek vowels : ETAS

64. Give (out) sparingly : DOLE

67. Prompt on stage : CUE

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LA Times Crossword Answers 17 Feb 17, Friday










Constructed by: Mark Feldman

Edited by: Rich Norris

Quicklink to a complete list of today’s clues and answers

Quicklink to comments

Theme: Punny Swaps

Each of today’s themed answers relates to a common, two-word phrase. The last word in that phrase has been replaced by a homophone, and then phrase’s word-order has been switched:

  • 17A. Ladies’ man with laryngitis? : HOARSE STUD (from “stud horse”)
  • 28A. Infant at bath time? : BARE BABY (from “baby bear”)
  • 44A. High schooler just hanging out? : IDLE TEEN (from “teen idol”)
  • 58A. Ordinary-looking fashion VIP? : PLAIN MODEL (from “model plane”)

Bill’s time: 8m 56s

Bill’s errors: 0




Today’s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies

Across

6. Popular speaker : BOSE

Bose Corporation was founded in 1964 by Amar G. Bose, and is a company that specializes in manufacture of audio equipment.

10. Unlike Wabash College : CO-ED

Wabash College is an all-male school in Crawfordsville, Indiana that was founded in 1832 as the Wabash Teachers Seminary and Manual Labor College. Wabash is one of only three all-male liberal arts colleges left in the US. The other two are Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia and Morehouse College in Georgia.

14. “Voilà!” : THERE!

“Voilà” means “there it is”, and “voici” means “here it is”. The terms come from “voi là” meaning “see there” and “voi ici” meaning “see here”.

16. Company with a Select Guest loyalty program : OMNI

Omni Hotels & Resorts is headquartered in Irvine, California and has properties in the US, Canada and Mexico.

17. Ladies’ man with laryngitis? : HOARSE STUD (from “stud horse”)

The word “stud”, meaning “a male horse kept for breeding”, is derived from the Old English word “stod”, which described a whole herd of horses. The term “stud” can be used figuratively for a “ladies’ man”.

The suffix “-itis” is used to denote inflammation, as in laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx), otitis (inflammation of the ear) and sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses).

20. Airport NNW of IND : ORD

O’Hare International is the fourth busiest airport in the world. The original airport was constructed on the site between 1942 and 1943, and was used by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the manufacture of planes during WWII. Before the factory and airport were built, there was a community in the area called Orchard Place, so the airport was called Orchard Place Airport/Douglas Field. This name is the derivation of the airport’s current location identifier: ORD (OR-chard D-ouglas). Orchard Place Airport was renamed to O’Hare International in 1949 in honor of Lieutenant Commander Butch O’Hare who grew up in Chicago. O’Hare was the US Navy’s first flying ace and a Medal of Honor recipient in WWII.

Indianapolis International Airport (IND), located just a few miles from the city’s downtown area, is the largest airport in Indiana.

21. Spicy cuisine : CREOLE

Creole is the term used in Haiti to describe all of the native people, as well as the music, food and culture of the country. 80% of the Haitian Creole people are so called black creoles, descendants of the original Africans brought to the island as slaves during the French colonial days.

23. Goneril’s husband : ALBANY

In Shakespeare’s “King Lear”, the king’s daughter Goneril is married to the Duke of Albany.

25. Revered sage, in India : MAHATMA

Mohandas Gandhi was a political and spiritual leader in India in the first part of the 20th century, as the country sought independence from Britain. He was also referred to as “Mahatma”, meaning “great soul”. His remarkable philosophy of nonviolence and living a modest lifestyle was a great inspiration to the Indian people. India (and Pakistan) was granted independence in 1947. Tragically, Gandhi was assassinated the very next year by a Hindu nationalist.

29. 1995 “Live at Red Rocks” pianist : TESH

John Tesh is a pianist and composer, as well as a radio and television presenter. For many years Tesh presented the show “Entertainment Tonight”. For “ET” he once covered the filming of an episode of “Star Trek: The Next Generation”. As part of the piece, he volunteered to act as a Klingon warrior. If you see the “Star Trek: TNG” episode called “The Icarus Factor” in reruns, watch out for John Tesh engaging in ritual torture with Mr. Worf as his victim.

Red Rocks Amphitheatre is an open-air venue for the performing arts near Morrison, Colorado.

30. African scourge : TSETSE

Tsetse flies live on the blood of vertebrate mammals. The name “tsetse” comes from Tswana, a language of southern Africa, and translates simply as “fly”. Tsetse flies are famous for being carriers of the disease known as “sleeping sickness”. Sleeping sickness is caused by a parasite which is passed onto humans when the tsetse fly bites into human skin tissue. If one considers all the diseases transmitted by the insect, then the tsetse fly is responsible for a staggering quarter of a million deaths each year.

32. Indian silk-producing region : ASSAM

Assam is a state in the very northeast of India, just south of the Himalayas. Assam is noted for its tea as well as its silk.

34. Suffix with ethyl : -ENE

Ethylene (also called “ethene”) has a gazillion uses, including as an anesthetic and an aid to hastening the ripening of fruit. Ethylene’s most common use is as a major raw material in the manufacture of plastics (like polyethylene).

35. “Same here” : DITTO

“Ditto” was originally used in Italian (from Tuscan dialect) to avoid repetition of the names of months in a series of dates. So, “ditto” is just another wonderful import from that lovely land …

48. Highest peak in the Armenian plateau : ARARAT

Mount Ararat is in Turkey. Ararat is a snow-capped, dormant volcano with two peaks. The higher of the two, Greater Ararat, is the tallest peak in the country. Ararat takes its name from a legendary Armenian hero called Ara the Beautiful (or Ara the Handsome). According to the Book of Genesis, Noah’s ark landed on Mount Ararat as the Great Flood subsided.

50. Armed ocean dweller? : SEA STAR

Starfish (sometimes “sea stars”) come in many shapes and sizes, but commonly have “pentaradial symmetry”, meaning they have symmetric body-shapes with five points. Most starfish are predators, mainly living on a diet of mollusks such as clams and oysters.

52. Pride parade letters : LGBT

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)

The first pride parades were held all on the same weekend in 1970, in New York City, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

53. “Macbeth” spot descriptor : DAMNED

Lady Macbeth is an evil and treacherous woman in William Shakespeare’s “Macbeth”. The most famous line uttered by Lady Macbeth has to be:

Out, damned spot! Out, I say!

In this line, Lady Macbeth is frantically rubbing at her hand trying to get rid of an imaginary bloodstain left there after she committed four murders.

55. Division of the Justice Dept. : ATF

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is today part of the Department of Justice (DOJ). The ATF has its roots in the Department of Treasury dating back to 1886 when it was known as the Bureau of Prohibition. “Explosives” was added to the ATF’s name when the bureau was moved under the Department of Justice (DOJ) as part of the reorganization called for in the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

57. Buffalo’s county : ERIE

There are three Erie Counties in the US:

  • Erie County, New York (with Buffalo as the county seat)
  • Erie County, Ohio (with Sandusky as the county seat)
  • Erie County, Pennsylvania (with Erie as the county seat)

64. Nasdaq competitor : NYSE

The roots of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) go back to 1792 when a group of 24 stock brokers set up the New York Stock & Exchange Board. They did so in an agreement signed under a buttonwood tree outside 68 Wall Street. That document became known as the Buttonwood Agreement. Today, the NYSE is located in National Historic Landmark building with the address 11 Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

The NASDAQ trading system created in 1971 is the successor to the over-the-counter (OTC) trading system that was common at the time. OTC trading is done directly between two parties without being facilitated by an exchange.

65. Like Vikings : NORSE

The Vikings were a Germanic people from northern Europe who were noted as great seafarers. Key to the success of the Vikings was the design of their famous “longships”. Made from wood, the longship was long and narrow with a shallow hull, It was also light, so that the crew would actually carry it small distances over land and around obstacles. Longships were designed to be propelled both by sail and by oars.

Down

1. Emperor after Galba : OTHO

AD 69 was a year of civil war in ancient Rome. The unrest started with the death of emperor Nero in AD 68, after which followed the brief rule of Galba, of Otho, of Vitellius, and of Vespasian all in the same year. As a result, AD 69 became known as the Year of the Four Emperors.

2. Bach works : CHORALES

Johann Sebastian Bach died when he was 65-years-old, in 1750. He was buried in Old St. John’s Cemetery in Leipzig, and his grave went unmarked until 1894. At that time his coffin was located, removed and buried in a vault within the church. The church was destroyed in an Allied bombing raid during WWII, and so after the war the remains had to be recovered and taken to the Church of St. Thomas in Leipzig.

3. Word associated with Sleepy Hollow : HEADLESS

The Headless Horseman is a character in Washington Irving’s “The Legend of Sleep Hollow “.

5. Checkout correction, perhaps : RESCAN

The first UPC-marked item to get scanned in a store was on June 26, 1974 at 08:01 a.m. at Marsh’s supermarket in Troy, Ohio. It was a 10-pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit chewing gum.

6. “Point Break” co-star : BUSEY

The actor Gary Busey is perhaps most acclaimed for playing Buddy Holly in the 1978 biographical film “The Buddy Holly Story”. In 1988, Busey was suffered a skull fracture in a motorcycle accident in which he was not wearing a helmet. Busey himself has stated that the resulting brain injury has altered his behavior, causing him to speak and act impulsively.

10. Informal discussion : CONFAB

“Confab”, meaning “chat” is a shortened form of “confabulation”. The word “confabulation” derives from the Latin from “com” (together) and “fabula” (a tale). “Fabula” is also the root of our word “fable”.

11. Last book of Puzo’s “Godfather” trilogy : OMERTA

The novelist and screenwriter Mario Puzo, was best known for his book “The Godfather”, which he also co-adapted for the big screen. Puzo also wrote two sequels, “The Last Don” and “Omertà”, that latter being published after his death. His name is less associated with some very famous screenplays that he wrote, including “Earthquake”, “Superman” and “Superman II”. Puzo won two Oscars for Best Adapted Screenplay: for “The Godfather” (1972) and for “The Godfather Part II” (1974).

“Omertà” is a code of honor in southern Italian society. The term has been adopted by the Mafia to mean a code of silence designed to prevent a Mafioso from becoming an informer. For example, the famous Joe Valachi was someone who broke the code of silence in 1963, informing on the New York Mafia. Valachi’s story was told in the movie “The Valachi Papers”, with Charles Bronson playing the lead.

18. “Trophy, Hypertrophied” artist : ERNST

Max Ernst was a painter and sculptor, a pioneer in the Dada movement and Surrealism. Ernst was born near Cologne in Germany in 1891 and he was called up to fight in WWI, as were most young German men at that time. In his autobiography he writes “Max Ernst died the 1st of August, 1914” a statement about his experiences in the war. In reality, Ernst died in 1976 having lived to the ripe old age of 85.

24. __ Men: “Who Let the Dogs Out” band : BAHA

The Baha Men are so called because they hail from the Bahamas. Their big hit was “Who Let the Dogs Out?”, which has been ranked as third in a list of the world’s most annoying songs!

27. Rail system that services 20-Across : CTA
(20A. Airport NNW of IND : ORD)

Chicago Transit Authority (CTA)

28. Dahomey, since 1975 : BENIN

The Republic of Benin is a country in West Africa. Benin used to be a French colony, and was known as Dahomey. Dahomey gained independence in 1975, and took the name Benin after the Bight of Benin, the body of water on which the country lies.

33. Actor Damon : MATT

Matt Damon is an actor and screenwriter from Cambridge, Massachusetts. Damon’s big break came with the 1997 movie “Good Will Hunting” in which he starred. He co-wrote the screenplay with his childhood friend Ben Affleck.

36. OPEC founding member : IRAN

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in 1960 at a conference held in Baghdad, Iraq that was attended by Iraq, Kuwait, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Nine more countries joined the alliance soon after, and OPEC set up headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland and then Vienna, Austria in 1965. The basic aim of OPEC was to wrench control of oil prices from the oil companies and to put it in the hands of the sovereign states that own the natural resource.

37. Ring fighter : TOREADOR

“Toreador” is an old Spanish word for a bullfighter, but it’s a term not used any more in Spain nor in Latin America. In English we use the term “toreador”, but in Spanish a bullfighter is a “torero”. A female bullfighter in a “torera”.

38. Pop-up items : TOASTERS

The electric toaster is a Scottish invention, created by the Alan McMasters in Edinburgh in 1893.

39. As of 1937, he was the all-time N.L. home run leader until Mays surpassed him in 1966 : OTT

At 5′ 9″, baseball legend Mel Ott weighed just 170 lb (I don’t think he took steroids!) and yet he was the first National League player to hit over 500 home runs. Sadly, Ott died in a car accident in New Orleans in 1958 when he was only 49 years old.

41. Like many a successful poker player : DEADPAN

The term “deadpan”, slang for an impassive expression, comes from dead (expressionless) and pan (slang for “face”).

44. Keys : ISLETS

A “key” (also “cay”) is a low island offshore, as in the Florida Keys. Our term in English comes from the Spanish “cayo” meaning “shoal, reef”.

45. Unilever deodorant brand : DEGREE

Degree is a brandname of deodorant in North America. The same product is marketed in the UK as Sure.

49. Serling’s birth name : RODMAN

Rodman “Rod” Serling was the man behind, and in front of, the iconic science-fiction TV series “The Twilight Zone”. Serling used a lot of the shows he created to advance his strongly held views against war (he was a soldier in WWII), and against racism and censorship.

51. Ouzo flavoring : ANISE

Ouzo is an aperitif from Greece that is colorless and flavored with anise. Ouzo is similar to pastis from France and also has a flavor like sambuca from Italy.

54. “Serpico” author Peter : MAAS

Peter Maas was journalist and author. Maas wrote a couple of books that were adapted into successful movies. He wrote a biography of New York City Police officer Frank Serpico that was made into the 1973 “Serpico” starring Al Pacino in the title role. He also wrote a biography of a low-level Mafia informant called “The Valachi Papers” that was was made into a 1972 film of the same name starring Charles Bronson as Valachi.

59. “Star Trek: DSN” changeling : ODO

Odo is a character in the “Star Trek” spin-off “Deep Space Nine”. He is the chief of security on the space station and is a Changeling, meaning that he can assume any shape that he wishes. Odo is played by René Auberjonois, an actor you might remember as Father Mulcahy in the movie version of “M*A*S*H”.

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Complete List of Clues and Answers

Across

1. Earth tone : OCHER

6. Popular speaker : BOSE

10. Unlike Wabash College : CO-ED

14. “Voilà!” : THERE!

15. Over : UPON

16. Company with a Select Guest loyalty program : OMNI

17. Ladies’ man with laryngitis? : HOARSE STUD (from “stud horse”)

19. Ultimately earns : NETS

20. Airport NNW of IND : ORD

21. Spicy cuisine : CREOLE

22. A native of : FROM

23. Goneril’s husband : ALBANY

25. Revered sage, in India : MAHATMA

27. Sweeps, e.g. : CLEANS

28. Infant at bath time? : BARE BABY (from “baby bear”)

29. 1995 “Live at Red Rocks” pianist : TESH

30. African scourge : TSETSE

32. Indian silk-producing region : ASSAM

34. Suffix with ethyl : -ENE

35. “Same here” : DITTO

40. Counsel : ADVISE

43. Cheer : ROOT

44. High schooler just hanging out? : IDLE TEEN (from “teen idol”)

48. Highest peak in the Armenian plateau : ARARAT

50. Armed ocean dweller? : SEA STAR

51. Makes it right : ATONES

52. Pride parade letters : LGBT

53. “Macbeth” spot descriptor : DAMNED

55. Division of the Justice Dept. : ATF

57. Buffalo’s county : ERIE

58. Ordinary-looking fashion VIP? : PLAIN MODEL (from “model plane”)

60. Marketing opener : TELE-

61. “What a shame” : ALAS

62. Really like : ADORE

63. Aren’t really, maybe : SEEM

64. Nasdaq competitor : NYSE

65. Like Vikings : NORSE

Down

1. Emperor after Galba : OTHO

2. Bach works : CHORALES

3. Word associated with Sleepy Hollow : HEADLESS

4. Goof : ERR

5. Checkout correction, perhaps : RESCAN

6. “Point Break” co-star : BUSEY

7. Vision: Pref. : OPTO-

8. They’re meant for each other : SOUL MATES

9. Makes beloved : ENDEARS

10. Informal discussion : CONFAB

11. Last book of Puzo’s “Godfather” trilogy : OMERTA

12. Bury : ENTOMB

13. Alarm : DISMAY

18. “Trophy, Hypertrophied” artist : ERNST

24. __ Men: “Who Let the Dogs Out” band : BAHA

26. Follow : HEED

27. Rail system that services 20-Across : CTA

28. Dahomey, since 1975 : BENIN

31. One at a time : SEVERALLY

33. Actor Damon : MATT

36. OPEC founding member : IRAN

37. Ring fighter : TOREADOR

38. Pop-up items : TOASTERS

39. As of 1937, he was the all-time N.L. home run leader until Mays surpassed him in 1966 : OTT

41. Like many a successful poker player : DEADPAN

42. Consumed : EATEN

44. Keys : ISLETS

45. Unilever deodorant brand : DEGREE

46. Likely to change : LABILE

47. Regard : ESTEEM

49. Serling’s birth name : RODMAN

51. Ouzo flavoring : ANISE

54. “Serpico” author Peter : MAAS

56. Hightail it : FLEE

59. “Star Trek: DSN” changeling : ODO

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